Ujjain – Darshan/ Sightseeing

Ujjain : Ujjain was the most prominent city on the Malwa plateau of central India for much of its history. It emerged as the political centre of central India around 600 BCE. It was the capital of the ancient Avanti kingdom, one of the sixteen mahajanapadas. It remained an important political, commercial and cultural centre of central India until early 19th century, when the British administrators decided to develop Indore as an alternative to it. Ujjain continues to be an important place of pilgrimage for Shaivites, Vaishnavites and followers of Shakta.

 mahakaleshwar temple

#Mahakaleshwar Jyotirlinga Temple
Mahakaleshwar Jyotirlinga Temple is one of the most famous Hindu temples dedicated to Lord Shiva and is one of the twelve Jyotirlingas, which are supposed to be the most sacred abodes of Shiva. It is located in the ancient city of Ujjain in the state of Madhya Pradesh, India. The temple is situated on the side of the Rudra Sagar lake. The presiding deity, Shiva in the lingam form is believed to be Swayambhu, deriving currents of power (Shakti) from within itself as against the other images and lingams that are ritually established and invested with mantra-shakti.
The idol of Mahakaleshwar is known to be dakshinamurti, which means that it is facing the south. This is a unique feature, upheld by the tantric shivnetra tradition to be found only in Mahakaleshwar among the 12 Jyotirlingas. The idol of Omkareshwar Mahadev is consecrated in the sanctum above the Mahakal shrine. The images of Ganesh, Parvati and Karttikeya are installed in the west, north and east of the sanctum sanctorum. To the south is the image of Nandi, the vehicle of Lord Shiva.

#The Maha Kumbh Mela
Ujjain is most famous for the Holy Kumbh Mela that is held here every twelve years. The festival is celebrated on the banks of River Shipra which is considered a very sacred river. According to Hindu mythology, after the ocean churning by Gods and Demons, there was a mad tussle between them for the nectar that came out of the ocean.
The Demons violently chased Gods for the nectar. And in this catch me if you can game, few drops of nectar fell on earth at Haridwar, Nasik, Prayag and Ujjain. Kumbh Mela is held at all these places at different times. During the fair, the city is crowded by overwhelming number of pilgrims and sadhus (Saints). Majestically slow and soothingly decorated elephants tread the fair ground adding extra flavour of spirituality to the town. A Visit to Ujjain during Kumbh Mela is really an experience of divinity.
simhatha-kumbh-mela
 iskcon temple #ISKCON Temple
Sri Sri Radha Madan Mohan Temple, of the ISKCON (International Society for Krishna Consciousness) or Hare Krishna Movement, also has a guest house and restaurant, and is a major attraction for tourists, though it is very new on the map of Ujjain.
#Sandipani Ashram
The Ancient Indian Tradition of gurukul imparts education to students irrespective of their wealth or poverty. Besides a variety of subjects and ancient scriptures, in gurukul, students were taught battle techniques and spiritualism. From the vedic period itself, Ujjain was a reputed center of learning. Sandipani Ashram is a famous hermitage situated in Ujjain, where Lord Krishna spent his formative years until adolescence. Sandipani, the saint in the hermitage, taught Krishna and Balarama, here in this Ashram.
The Ashram situates adjacent to so many remarkable spots, which are closely associated with lord Krishna. Another important feature of this ashram is that the supporters of Vallabha sect regard this place as the 73rd seat of Vallabhacharya where he conveyed his speeches throughout India. Sandipani Ashram and its serene surroundings provides a divine feeling to all those who wish to be in tranquil ambience.
 sandipani-ashram
 ram mandir

#Ram Mandir
Dedicated to Lord Ram who is flanked by his consort Sita on one side and brother Lakshman on the other side, Ram Mandir in Ujjain is a eye catching spectacle. Built in the 17th century, this fabulous shrine is a finest example of structural brilliance. The walls of the pretty shrine are decorated with beautiful paintings.
Besides the attractive scenes from the lives of Rama and Krishna the painting of Bedalya Bua Maharaj and Sant Tukoba are very attractive. Certain old images are seen inscribed inside the temple are very remarkable for their amazing sculptural designs and perfection. A tenth century old image of Lord Vishnu installed in between the assembly hall and the interior of Ram Mandir needs a special mention.

 

#Navagraha Mandir
The ruling planets have always had a significant place in Indian rituals and tradition. This temple is dedicated to the nine ruling planets (Navagraha means nine planets). It is located on the Triveni Ghat, by the Shipra River. Navagraha Mandir is located away from the old site of Ujjaini town. It attracts large crowds on new moon days falling on Saturdays. Its religious importance has increased manifold through the years, though there is no acknowledged reference to it in the ancient texts.

 Navagraha Mandir
 Kalabhairava_Temple #Kal Bhairava Mandir
The most important among the eight bhairavas of the Shaivites is Kal Bhairava, which has been built under the benefaction of King Bhadresen, on the bank of River Shipra at Ujjain. A mention of Kal Bhairava is found in the Avanti khan of the SkandaMainly the Kapalika and Aghora sects worship Kal Bhairava. Ujjain was a notable centre of these two sects. Even today, the traditional practice of offering liquor to Kal Bhairava is maintained. The temple, decorated with paintings in Malwa style, is the centre of attraction.
 #Chintaman Ganesh
The temple is built across the Shipra on the Fatehabad railway line. The Ganesh idolenshrined here is supposed to be swayambhu – born of itself. The temple itself is believed to be of considerable antiquity. Riddhi and Siddhi, the consorts of Ganesha, are seated on either side of Ganesha. The artistically carved pillars in the assembly hall date back to the Parmar period. Worshippers throng to this temple because the deity here is traditionally known as Chintaharan Ganesh meaning “the assurer of freedom from worldly anxieties”.

chintaman ganesh

Bade-Ganeshji-Ka-Mandir  #Bade Ganeshji Ka Mandir
Situated near the tank of the Mahakaleshwar Temple, Bade Ganeshji Ka Mandir holds a colossal statue of the elephant-headed God. The elephant head of the deity signifies wisdom, discretion and foresight that the Hindus attribute to divinity.
In the center of the Ganeshji temple, there lies an exceptional statue of Hanuman, a deity of devotion and belief. What makes this deity so unique is the fact that Hanuman is depicted here with five faces, which symbolises courage, loyalty, devotion, strength, and righteousness. An important centre for learning, Bade Ganeshji Temple imparts knowledge in the field of astrology and Sanskrit.
 #Archaeology in Ujjain
Coin is an important source material to know history and by the study of this material we can throw light on the dark period of history. Various coins of different dynasties can be different in style, structure, raw material, mode of casting and its legend.
Silver Punch Marked Coins and Copper Punch Marked Coins are categorised under archeologic collection.
Archaeology_of_Ujjain

Ujjain Sightseeing

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